Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a hormone produced by the cells in a woman's ovarian follicles. The level of AMH in a woman's blood is a marker for her ovarian reserve, which refers to the number and quality of eggs remaining in her ovaries. The AMH test is often used to assess a woman's fertility potential and can help predict how well she may respond to certain fertility treatments.
During a woman's reproductive years, the number of eggs in her ovaries decreases as she ages. This natural decline in ovarian reserve can make it more difficult to conceive, especially after the age of 35. By measuring the level of AMH in a woman's blood, doctors can get a better idea of her ovarian reserve and how likely she is to conceive naturally or with fertility treatment.
The AMH test is a simple blood test that can be done at any time during a woman's menstrual cycle. In general, higher levels of AMH indicate better ovarian reserve, while lower levels indicate a lower number of eggs remaining in the ovaries.
In addition to assessing ovarian reserve, the AMH test can also be used to monitor response to fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Women with higher levels of AMH may produce more eggs during IVF treatment, which can increase the chances of success.
Overall, the AMH test is a useful tool for assessing a woman's fertility potential and can help guide decisions about fertility treatment. If you are considering fertility treatment or are concerned about your fertility, talk to your doctor about whether an AMH test may be right for you.