A low sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is a condition where a man has fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. It can lead to difficulty in conceiving a child and may have various causes.
One of the common causes of low sperm count is varicocele, a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. Other causes include infections that interfere with sperm production, ejaculation problems such as retrograde ejaculation, and antibodies that attack sperm.
Certain tumors, undescended testicles, hormone imbalances, defects of tubules that transport sperm, and prior surgeries can also cause low sperm count.
Diagnosis involves a semen analysis where sperm count, motility, and morphology are checked. Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause. For testicular-based male infertility, treatment options include IUI, IVF, or IVF with ICSI. Obstructive causes of post-testicular infertility can be treated with IVF-ICSI. Hormonal therapy using LH and FSH may also be effective in some cases, along with low dose estrogen and testosterone combination therapy.
At Aashakiran IVF, we offer comprehensive fertility treatments for male infertility, including diagnostic testing and personalized treatment plans. Our experienced team of specialists can help determine the underlying cause of low sperm count and provide effective treatment options to increase your chances of conceiving a child.