It is a small cut made into the perineum (the area between the vagina and the rectum) to widen the vaginal opening. Episiotomies are performed to make it easier for the baby’s head to pass through for delivery and make delivery easier or to prevent tearing of the vaginal tissue.
The majority of women don’t have an episiotomy. Episiotomies were performed to prevent spontaneous tearing of the perineum and to reduce the risk of fetal birth trauma. But these days, studies have shown that infants fare just fine without an episiotomy, mother too.
There are 3 types of episiotomy:
When it is needed