Female infertility can be caused by various factors, including:
Age: As a woman ages, the number and quality of her eggs decrease, making it more difficult to conceive.
Smoking: Smoking can damage a woman's reproductive system, reduce fertility, and increase the risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy.
Alcohol: Drinking alcohol can reduce fertility and increase the risk of miscarriage.
Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of infertility, as it can affect hormone levels and disrupt ovulation.
Eating disorders: Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia can lead to weight loss, which can disrupt menstrual cycles and cause infertility.
Diet: A diet low in nutrients such as folic acid, iron, zinc, and vitamin B12 can reduce fertility.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): STIs such as chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to infertility.
Absence or blockage of fallopian tubes: If the fallopian tubes are blocked or absent, eggs and sperm cannot meet, which can prevent fertilization.
Ovulation disorders: Problems with ovulation, such as irregular ovulation or absence of ovulation, can prevent pregnancy.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This can cause scarring and adhesions that can interfere with fertility.
Polyps: Uterine polyps can interfere with implantation of a fertilized egg.
Lack of cervical mucus: If the cervix doesn't produce enough mucus, sperm may have difficulty traveling to the egg.
Unexplained infertility: Sometimes, no specific cause of infertility can be identified despite extensive testing.
PCOD/PCOS: In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries produce too much androgen, which can prevent ovulation.
In some cases, fertility treatments such as medication or surgery may be effective in treating female infertility. In other cases, assisted reproductive technologies such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be necessary. Aashakiran IVF is a fertility clinic that specializes in providing such treatments to help couples struggling with infertility to conceive.