Testicular fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure used to evaluate testicular function and diagnose male infertility. It involves inserting a thin needle into the testicle and extracting a small sample of cells or tissue for examination under a microscope.
The procedure is often used to differentiate between obstructive and non-obstructive causes of azoospermia, which is the absence of sperm in the semen. Obstructive azoospermia is caused by blockages in the male reproductive system, while non-obstructive azoospermia is caused by problems with sperm production.
Testicular FNAC is a relatively safe and simple procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia. It is typically used when other tests, such as semen analysis or hormonal testing, have failed to provide a clear diagnosis of male infertility.
At Aashakiran IVF, testicular FNAC may be recommended as part of a comprehensive fertility evaluation for men experiencing infertility. The results of the test can help guide treatment decisions, such as whether to pursue assisted reproductive techniques like IVF, or whether surgery may be necessary to correct a blockage in the reproductive system.