Histopathology is the study of tissue specimens using a microscope to examine the structural and functional changes that occur in disease states. This diagnostic tool is commonly used to determine the presence and severity of diseases such as cancer, infections, and autoimmune disorders.
During histopathology, a small tissue sample is removed from the patient and sent to a laboratory for examination by a pathologist. The tissue is then processed, embedded in paraffin wax, and sliced into thin sections that can be viewed under a microscope.
The pathologist examines the tissue sample and looks for any abnormalities, such as changes in cell size or shape, the presence of abnormal structures or proteins, or evidence of inflammation or infection. The pathologist may also perform special tests on the tissue, such as staining or molecular analysis, to further evaluate the sample.
In the field of infertility and reproductive medicine, histopathology is used to evaluate the uterine lining and diagnose conditions such as endometriosis and uterine fibroids. In vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics may also use histopathology to evaluate the quality of embryos and identify genetic abnormalities that could affect pregnancy outcomes.
Overall, histopathology is a crucial tool for diagnosing and treating a wide range of diseases, including those related to infertility and reproductive health. By providing detailed information about the tissue sample, it can help doctors make informed decisions about treatment options and provide better patient care.