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Bicornuate Uterus

The uterus is the organ in a woman’s body that holds a baby.

Bicornuate uterus is a type of uterine duplication anomaly.  It Is a heart-shaped uterine abnormality. This condition can result in a significant impact on your ability to conceive as well as carry a successful pregnancy.  

These malformations are rare but known to be associated with infertility, spontaneous miscarriages, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm deliveries, pre-term, prelabour rupture of membranes, breech presentation and increased rate of caesarean delivery.

CAUSES

Congenital abnormality

Symptom                                             

  • Repeated miscarriage
  • Painful periods
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding

Pregnancy Complications with a Bicornuate Uterus

  1. Premature ruptured membrane
  2. Incompetent cervix
  3. Shape of uterus: An abnormally shaped uterus causes problems in the uterine lining. This is one of the main reasons behind a preterm delivery
  4. The progesterone shots need to be administered early in the pregnancy
  5. The foetus may be positioned irregularly: (breech or transverse position).

DIAGNOSIS

  1. Hysterosalpingogram
  2.  X-ray:-     X-ray  of the womb and fallopian tubes after a special dye has be
  3.  Injected an ultrasound where high-frequency sound waves are used to create an image of the uterus.
  4.  A pelvic exam

TREATMENT

  • Metroplasty: Is a reconstructive surgery.  It corrects the structure of the uterus.

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