Cervical cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the lining of the cervix. Most cervical cancers begin in cells on the surface of the cervix. Women with cervical cancer don’t get any symptoms in early stage. When symptoms do appear, they’re easily mistaken for common conditions like menstrual periods and urinary tract infections (UTIs).


Cancer is the result of the uncontrolled division and growth of abnormal cells. Most of the cells in our body have a set lifespan, and when they die, the body generates new cells to replace them.

Abnormal cells can have two problems: They do not die and They divide continuously.


  • Unusual bleeding
  • Vaginal discharge that looks or smells different than usual
  • Pain in the pelvis
  • Needing to urinate more often
  • Pain during urination


  1. Pap smear Test
  2. Colposcopy: An instrument that magnifies the area. Identifies where abnormal cells are located in the cervix, and what they look like.
  3. Biopsy: Is removal of a cone-shaped portion of the cervix around the cervical canal. This tissue can be removed with a thin loop of wire heated by an electrical current and is called loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP).


  • Surgery:
    • Hysterectomy: surgery that removes the cervix and uterus
    • Conization: surgery that removes only the cancerous tissue and a small margin of surrounding healthy tissue
    • Radical Trachelectomy: a surgery which removes the cervix but not the uterus.
    • Cryosurgery:  freezes cancer cells with a probe placed in the cervix.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. 
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation kills cancer cells using high-energy X-ray beams.

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