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Common Health Problems in Newborns

  

  • Birth Injuries: -  
  • Erb’s Palsy
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy
  • Infant hematoma
  • Intrauterine fetal
  • Jaundice: - It occurs when there is an excess of bilirubin in baby’s blood, which causes yellowish pigmentation of the skin.  Normal neonatal jaundice typically appears between the 2nd and 5th days of life.  It is due to the breakdown of red blood cells (which release bilirubin into the blood).
  •  Colic: - When the acidic contents of the stomach painfully regurgitate back into the esophagus.  Baby cries continuously for no apparent reason.
  • Abdominal Distention: - Prominent causes of abdominal distension in infants are swallowing of excess air. It could be because of gas or constipation. 
  • Bluish skin and apnea: - It could mean that the baby’s heart and lungs are not functioning well.  Baby could have apnea he has bluish skin.
  • Vomiting:   Sometimes babies vomit or spit the milk they feed. Frequent vomiting and spitting up of the milk could be due to an underlying infection or digestive problems.
  • Low birth weight: - Defined as a birth weight of less than 2.5 kg. The birth weight of babies born to well nourish mothers is usually about 3.5 kg.  It’s very important to record the weight of the baby within one hour of birth. It determines the growth and chances of survival of the baby.
  • Diarrhea: - when there is a change from normal bowel habits to more frequent and looser or watery stools.  If your baby has diarrhea, keep him well hydrated by giving him oral saline, water exclusive breast feeding for first 6 months
  • Cold and Flu: Infants’ delicate immune systems mean that they’re far more likely to contract infectious illnesses.  As these mild illnesses can easily develop into pneumonia in young children.

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