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Interstitial cystitis

                             

Interstitial cystitis is a chronic condition causing bladder pressure, bladder pain and sometimes pelvic pain. Interstitial cystitis causes urgent, often painful bathroom trips.   It can cause chronic inflammation of the bladder muscle layers. Progressive changes bladder wall can lead to scarring, sores and bleeding. Scarring can cause the wall of your bladder to thicken and become less pliable.

Causes

  • Trauma to the bladder lining 
  • Auto immune disorder
  • Bacterial infection
  • Inflammation of pelvic nerve
  • Dysfunctional pelvic floor muscles

Symptoms

  • Bloody or pink-colored urine
  • Painful or burning with urination
  • Frequent urination 
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pelvic pain, pressure or discomfort
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Urgent need to urinate

Diagnosis

  • Pelvic examination
  • Urinalysis to rule out or diagnose an infection
  • Cystoscopy
  • Potassium sensitivity test

Treatment

  • Antihistamines such as hydroxyzine
  • Narcotic pain relievers for severe pain
  • Non-narcotic pain relievers
  • Elmiron to coat and protect the inside of the bladder.
  • Wear loose clothing. Tight clothes can put pressure on your bladder.
  •  Slowly stretching the bladder wall with fluid may help relieve symptoms

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