Is Hysteroscopy necessary before IVF?
Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose and treat problems of the uterus. First, you’ll be sedated or put under general anesthesia after that a hysteroscope is a long, thin, lighted device which is inserted into your uterus through your vagina. It projects an image on a screen and lets the physician see your uterus. Doctor can then check for fibroids, polyps, scar tissue, septa and other malformations. These can usually be sorted out at the same time so; hysteroscopy changes from being diagnostic to operative.
The importance of a hysteroscopy before IVF was identified in an early study of hysteroscopy and reproductive techniques. Many of women who had failed IVF cycles, 25 per cent were found to have uterine problems. These were treated by operative hysteroscopy to improved conception rates. Removing polyps and other uterine cavity abnormalities via hysteroscopy in women with unexplained infertility may increase their chances of becoming pregnant.
Unsuccessful IVF efforts usually are because of factors in the embryo like issues with the uterus of a woman or genetic problems. Until a few years back, hysteroscopy was routinely performed on women who experienced failed IVF cycles to determine scar tissue or look for uterine growth and remove them. Many studies indicate the benefits that hysteroscopy before IVF cycle increase the success rate of the treatment.