Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure to remove one or both of your ovaries.  Ovaries are almond-shaped organ, contain eggs and produce hormones that control your menstrual cycle. Oophorectomy performed to lower the risk of ovarian cancer. Removing both ovaries results in menopause and permanent infertility.

Types of Oophorectomy

  • Unilateral oophorectomy: Removal of one ovary, usually done when a woman still wants to become pregnant.
  • Bilateral oophorectomy: Removal of both ovaries, done to prevent disorders or spread of cancer cells.
  • Salpingo-oophorectomy: Removal of the fallopian tube along with the ovary.

Reasons for an oophorectomy

  1. Benign tumors
  2. Cysts
  3. Ectopic pregnancy
  4. Endometriosis
  5. Torsion of the ovary
  6.  Chronic pelvic pain

Side effects and risks of surgery

  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Scar tissue
  • Nerve damage
  • Tumor rupture
  • Osteoporosis


  • Open abdominal surgery
  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Vaginal approach

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