Orchitis is an inflammation of the testicles. It can be caused by either bacteria or a virus.

This kind of testicular inflammation is associated with the mumps virus.  A infection of the tube that carries semen out of the testicles. This is called epididymo-orchitis. . 

Testicular torsion is another condition that causes extreme pain in the testicles and groin area, and the symptoms are often confused with those of orchitis. Testicular torsion is the twisting of the spermatic cords — a network of nerves and blood vessels that runs into each testicle. It can threaten your fertility if it interrupts blood flow to your testicles.

Sign and symptoms of orchitis

  • Tenderness in the scrotum
  • Painful urination
  • Painful ejaculation
  • A swollen scrotum
  • Blood in the semen
  • Abnormal discharge
  • An enlarged prostate
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the groin
  • Fever

causes of orchitis

  1. Bacteria: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus. 
  2. virus : mumps
  3. Bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases (STD), such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis.


  1. Physical examination:  To determine the extent of the inflammation.
  2. Blood – ESR high
  3. Urine – Cultural & Sensitivity test
  4. Ultrasound scanning
  5. urine sample 


  1. There’s no cure for viral orchitis, but the condition will go away on its own.         
  2. Taking pain relievers,    
  3.  Applying ice packs
  4.  Elevating the testicles when possible can make you more comfortable.
  5. Bacterial orchitis: Antibiotics, Anti-inflammatory medications, and cold packs.

. Other complications:

  • Chronic inflammation of the epididymis
  • An abscess or blister within the scrotum
  • Shrinking of the affected testicle
  • The death of testicular tissue

You May Also Like