Role of Gestational Diabetes in Pregnancy ?

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels become high during pregnancy. It affects up to 10% of women who are pregnant. Some women can control with diet and exercise and on the other side some need injections insulin or medications. Gestational diabetes usually shows up in the middle of pregnancy. Doctors most often test for it between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. Those who develop gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. In most cases, there are no symptoms. A blood sugar test during pregnancy is used for diagnosis.

Reasons of gestation diabetes during pregnancy

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can't make the extra insulin needed during pregnancy. Insulin, a hormone made in your pancreas, helps your body use glucose for energy and helps control your blood glucose levels. Overweight before pregnancy, extra weight makes it harder for your body to use insulin. If pregnant women have history of pregnancy with gestational diabetes in past have possibility of gestation diabetes pregnancy in future.

During pregnancy, your placenta makes hormones that cause glucose to build up in your blood. Usually, your pancreas can send out enough insulin to handle it. But if your body can't make enough insulin or stops using insulin like it should, your blood sugar levels rise, and you get gestational diabetes.

Risk factors

  • Excessive birth weight.
  • Early (preterm) birth.
  • Serious breathing difficulties.
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life.
  • High blood pressure and preeclampsia
  • Having a surgical delivery (C-section)

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