Generally, IVF self cycle itself takes around TWO months. This time period also depend on which type of IVF cycle we are doing. Because there are many types IVF cycle. But, here we will discuss about IVF SELF.
IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This means special medical techniques are used to help a woman become pregnant. It is most often tried when other, less expensive fertility techniques have failed.
Startlingly, doctor will ask for blood test, hormones test, and hysteroscopy to understand the patient case and then start the IVF protocol.
There are five basic steps to IVF:
Step 1: Stimulation: - Medicines, called fertility drugs, are given to the woman to boost egg production. Normally, a woman produces one egg per month. Fertility drugs tell the ovaries to produce several eggs. During this step, the woman will have regular transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the ovaries and blood tests to check hormone levels. This step will take around 14 days.
Step 2: Egg retrieval: - A minor surgery, called follicular aspiration, is done to remove the eggs from the woman's body. The surgery is done as an outpatient procedure in the doctor's office most of the time. The woman will be given medicines so she does not feel pain during the procedure. Using ultrasound images as a guide, the health care provider inserts a thin needle through the vagina and into the ovary and sacs (follicles) containing the eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device, which pulls the eggs and fluid out of each follicle, one at a time. The procedure is repeated for the other ovary. There may be some cramping after the procedure, but it will go away within a day. In rare cases, a pelvic laparoscopy may be needed to remove the eggs. If a woman does not or cannot produce any eggs, donated eggs may be used. This will take around 1 hour and one day to recover.
Step 3: Insemination and Fertilization: - The man's sperm is placed together with the best quality eggs. The mixing of the sperm and egg is called insemination. Eggs and sperm are then stored in an environmentally controlled chamber. The sperm most often enters (fertilizes) an egg a few hours after insemination. If the doctor thinks the chance of fertilization is low, the sperm may be directly injected into the egg. This is called Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Many fertility programs routinely do ICSI on some of the eggs, even if things appear normal.
Step 4: Embryo culture: - When the fertilized egg divides, it becomes an embryo. Laboratory staff will regularly check the embryo to make sure it is growing properly. Within about 5 days, a normal embryo has several cells that are actively dividing.
Step 5: Embryo transfer: - Embryos are placed into the woman's womb 3 to 5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization. The procedure is done in the doctor's office while the woman is awake. The doctor inserts a catheter containing the embryos into the woman's vagina, through the cervix, and up into the womb. If an embryo sticks to implants in the lining of the womb and grows, pregnancy results. More than one embryo may be placed into the womb at the same time, which can lead to twins, triplets, or more. The exact number of embryos transferred is a complex issue that depends on many factors, especially the woman's age. Unused embryos may be frozen and implanted or donated at a later date. This will do within 5 days of after oocyte retrieval. Sometimes, patient have hormonal imbalance. So infertility specialist decides to transfer embryos in next cycle. This can be add one month more in your IVF cycle.