Male factor infertility is evaluated by performing the semen analysis. In a semen analysis we check the sperm count, motility, morphology, viscosity, ph, liquefaction time, agglutination to evaluate the abnormalities. Simple screening allows us to determine is there any problem which is causing male infertility. Here, we are going to talk about liquefaction time from all these above factors.
Liquefaction is a process that starts after ejaculation the semen forms a gel which provides protection for the sperm from the acidic environment of the vagina. It is gel like form which is also called coagulum. This coagulum helps the sperm to stay inside the vagina. It liquefied within 30 to 35 minutes with the help of enzymes which is called prostate gland. This liquefaction is must to travel the sperm from cervix to the fallopian tubes to fertilize the of ovum.
Many times you heard about liquefaction and you also seen many time liquefaction times in the semen report. This liquefaction time is measure after ejaculation to liquefy semen. Semen is a thick gel at the time of ejaculation and normally becomes liquid after 30-35 minutes of ejaculation.
Many patients have incomplete liquefaction problem which can cause male infertility. Incomplete liquefaction is mostly occurring due to infection. There is also possibility of present high amount of white blood cell in the semen. Additionally, this liquefaction happens with the help of prostate gland but a long liquefaction time also indicates the dysfunction of prostate gland.
Semen is not just of sperm - in fact sperm is only 5% part of the semen. The rest of the semen also has nutrients for the sperm cells, acids, lipids and the enzyme that will help to cause liquefaction.