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Why maternal health is important?

                            

 Maternal health revolves around the health and wellness of women, particularly when they are pregnant, at the time they give birth, and during child-raising. Pregnancy can provide an opportunity to identify existing health risks in women and to prevent future health problems for women and their children. Nutrition of the mother plays a key role in maternal and child health. The nutritional status of a woman pre-conception and during pregnancy influences the growth and development of the baby.

Factors influencing maternal health

  • Poverty and access to healthcare:
  • Pre natal care
  • Maternal HIV 
  • Maternal weight
  • Lack of oral hygiene
  • Stress
  1. Maternal health is important to reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia morbidity and mortality. Prenatal calcium supplementation with low intakes can reduce this.
  2. Antenatal iron-folic acid use may reduce anemia.
  3. Multiple micronutrient supplementations during pregnancy to reduce fetal growth restriction and low birth weight.
  4.  Vitamin A supplements to children 6-59 months of age and zinc for treatment of diarrhea.
  5. Reduce preterm births.
  6. To decline Maternal Mortality Ratio maternal health is important. There are Maternal and child health services, and are important services for overall development of mother and child.
  7. Reduce the rate of fetal and infant deaths related with birth defects.
  8. Reduce cesarean births among low-risk women.
  9. Reduce low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW)
  10. Reduce maternal illness and complications due to pregnancy.

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